Starting in 2015, the cap and phase down provisions will limit the total supply of HFCs across the EU, measured in total tonnes of CO2 equivalent (CO2e). CO2e is the total weight of each gas multiplied by its respective GWP.
It will initially target the supply of bulk HFCs, also focusing on the supply of equipment containing HFCs from 2017. By 2030, the supply of HFCs will have reduced to 21% of the 2009-2012 baseline.
Some of this reduction in supply will be met by reduced demand driven by other aspects of the regulation including leak reduction, service and maintenance bans, and product and equipment bans. However, it is likely that this alone will not be enough to reduce demand. So there is a real risk of potential refrigerant supply shortages and associated cost increases unless industry acts to lower its HFC CO2e demand.
Users can lower their HFC CO2e by using less virgin gas, or gases with a lower GWP.
Use less gas: The most common ways to use less gas include lowering consumption via leak reduction or using reclaimed or recycled refrigerant.
Use lower GWP gas: To switch to lower-GWP alternatives, users can convert existing equipment to run on retrofit refrigerants or install new equipment based on lower-GWP HFCs, HFOs or natural refrigerants.
Linde can support you through this transition. We offer a wide range of refrigerants including many lower-GWP gases, extensive technical and legislative support as well as complementary services including refrigerant recovery, reclamation and banking.